ASSAM STATIC GK PART-2

Assam

No. of districts
& Capital
33
Dispur
Majuli, world biggest
river island
became India’s first
river island
district in 2016
Formed
on
26 January 1950
LanguagesAssamese,Bodo,
Bengali
High
Court
Guwahati, Assam
Known as/for-India’s gateway to
Northeast India
-The first oil reserves
of India were discovered
in Assam
-The first oil well in Asia
was drilled in Assam
-The largest producer of
bamboos in India
-The largest producer of
tea in India
Physical
Characteristics
-A land of plains and river valleys
-Three principal physical regions:
-the Brahmaputra River
valley in the north,
-the Barak River
(upper Surma River)
valley in the south,
-the hilly region between
Meghalaya (to the west)
and Nagaland and Manipur
(to the east) in
the south-central part
of the state separating
the two valleys
Natural
Vegetation
Tropical moist deciduous
and tropical evergreen
MajorRiversSubansiri, Lohit (Tellu),
Dihang/Siang, Kopili,
Dhaleswari, Barak,
Dhaleswari, Kameng,
Brahmaputra, Kameng
Major
Regional
Festivals
Bihu, Ambubachi,
Elephant festival,
Brahmaputra beach festival,
Majuli, Baishagu, Baikho,
Me-Dum-Mi-Phi
Major
Art Forms
Assam School of Painting
(Manuscript paintings)
Music – Ainaam, Borgeet,
Hiranaam,
Dihanaam, Zikr and Zari,
Malitas (Ballad)
Dance – Satriya Nritya,
Bhaona, Oja Pali,
Bihu, Jhumur
Naach, Deodhani,
Gumrag,Dhuliya,
Bhawariya, Bhortal Nritya, Bagurumba
IndustryFertilizer, jute, paper,
silk and textiles, sugar,
chemicals, electronics,
and cement, Sawmills,
plywood and match factories
MineralsHard sandstone,
soft and loose sand,
conglomerates, coal seams,
shales, petroleum,
sandy clays, and limestone
AgricultureRice, tea, jute,
oilseeds, pulses,legumes
such as peas, beans,lentils)
corn (maize), sugarcane,
rape (an oil-yielding plant)
Geographical IndicationsMuga Silk,
Tezpur Litchi,
Karbi Anglong Ginger
State AnimalOne-horned rhinoceros
State BirdWhite-winged
wood duck
State Flower
Kopou phul
(Foxtail Orchid)
State TreeHollong
Important
Historical
Sites
Moidams – the Mound-Burial
system of the Ahom Dynasty,
Sibsagar, Cachari ruins
In Khaspur,
Carvings, inscriptions,
pillar on the Urvasi Island in Guwahati
World
Heritage
Sites
Kaziranga National Park
on the bank of the Brahmaputra,
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
near the border with Bhutan
Ramsar
Sites
Deepor Beel
Biodiversity
Hotspots
Bird
Sanctuaries
National
Parks
Dibru-Saikhowa
National Park,
Kaziranga National Park,
Manas National Park,
Nameri National Park,
Rajiv Gandhi
Orang National Park
Biosphere
Reserve
Dibru-Saikhowa,
Manas
Wildlife
Sanctuaries
-Amchang WLS
-Barail WLS
-Barnadi WLS
-Bherjan-Borajan-
-Padumoni WLS
-Burachapori WLS
-Chakrashila WLS
-Deepor Beel WLS
-Dihing Patkai WLS
-East Karbi
-Anglong WLS
-Garampani WLS
-Hollongapar
-Gibbon WLS
-Lawkhowa WLS
Marat Longri WLS
-Nambor WLS
-Nambor Doigrung WLS
-Porbitora WLS
-Pani-Dihing Bird WLS
-Sonai Rupai WLS
Tiger
Reserve
Orang, Kaziranga,
Manas, Nameri
Elephant
Reserve
Sonitpur,
Dihing-Patkai,
South Arunachal,
Kaziranga-Karbi
Anglong, Intanki,
Chirang-Ripu,
Eastern Dooars

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